Merzbow (?????) is an experimental music project created in Tokyo in 1979 under the direction of musician Masami Akita (????). Since 1979, Akita has formed two record labels and has contributed releases to numerous independent record labels. As well as being a prolific artist, he has also written a number of books and has been the editor of several magazines in Japan. He has written about a variety of subjects, mostly about art, avant-garde music and post-modern culture.