The Tape-beatles United States
The Tape-beatles (aka Public Works) are a multi-media group from Iowa City, IO[/placeformed that formed in December 1986. Its members include [artist]Lloyd Dunn, John Heck, Paul Neff, and Ralph Johnson. Beginning with analog tape recorders, and later expanding to include digital technology and film media, the group has used collage techniques to create works that challenge the notion of intellectual property. Their works make extensive use of materials appropriated from various sources through a process they call "Plagiarism®".